ẫ᡿
      ի
      ẫ᡿ ǽѬ ի󡫼 , ѽ ӿ
      Ѽ, ԫ ߬ѽ ߻߫Կ ѡ ٬, ߫ԫ὿
      Ѽ һ ҡ߿. ߻߫ ѡ, ѻ὿
      Ѽ ᡵҺ߬ Ѽѵ ٬
      ߬ ի Ѽӿ
       ᡿ 1868 
      ū ᡿ ի ǽѬ һ ߬ү իү Ѽӿ
      , ӫ޿ Ѯ Ѭԫӫ Ѽ, ӿ ѡ ѡ.
      Ѽӿ, ӿ߼ѽ , 񻫽 ի
      Ѽӿ ѡߴ
    Ҭѡ
      Ѯ 
      1868 
      1868. ǽѬ իү Ѽӿ Իߴ 񫼫.
      ԫ Ѽ ӿ -ѡ ᬫ, ߽Ҫ޿ .ӫ,
      ӿ߿ Կ. ǽѬ ߫߿ߴ, Ѽ ԫ 񻫽Ѽ
      Ѭ . ū ӫ ὿ ,
      ὿; ի , ѡ, ..
      ٮ ٽ . , .ᬫ ӫ߬, ߻ӫ߿ ǽѬ:
          " ?!"
      .ǽѬ ߽ ߻:
          " ᬫ-ԫ Ҽ ٽ , ߫ѽ :
              " իԿ..."".
      ѵ ѡ ߽Ҫ ѡ .ǻẫ ߬ Ѻ ӿի,
      ߫ԫѼ ߡ󡫼 ѡ .
      ޿ ߫߿Ѽ, ǽѬ Իߴ տѻ߬ ߬
      ǡԫ (Ǽӫ) ӫ߿ ԫ ѡ , , ѡߴ ٽ
      Ҭѡ ѡ .ǽѬӫ ԫ߬ Ѻ
    Ҫѡ
      ߬ ., ԫ߬ . (, ԫ߬ .), .ǽѬӫ, ߬ Ӭ 
      Ѯ 
        1868 
       ᡿ 1872 
      .ǽѬ ӫ߽Ҫ .ǽѬӫ .
      1871. Դѽ ѽ , , .ǽѬ ӿ Կ
      , ԫ ӿ ѮԿ ԫ, .. ߫ߴ
      ի Ѻ. .ǽѬ իѽ ի ѽ,
      ҽ, Ҫ ѡ ߡ ޽ ҽ.
      ٽ Ԭ ԯ, ԫӫ .ǽѬ ߬ѡ ,
      ߫߿ߴ ỿ ӫѡ, ޿ ӬἿ, ԫ ԫ ѡ
      ٽ Կ ѡ, ԫ Ѽ Ԭ.
      , ӫ ӫѡ, ѡ ߿ѽ ߴ
      Ѯ ᬫ ӫ, ԫ .ǽѬ, ޿ , , ԫ ߻
      ߽޿.
      Ѯѽ, ߬ ٽ ѡ ūӫ߬ ѽ ǻẫ
      ߬ ., ߬ ., ߿߬ . (, ߬ .), .ǻẫ, ūӫ߬ Ӭ 
      Ѯ 
        1872 
       ᡿ 1900 
      .ǻẫ .ǽѬ ӫ߽Ҫ ү Ѯ .
      Դ .ǽѬ ߬ ٬ ߫ѡ, ԡ ѡ
      Ѽ ӿ , ԫ Ѽ Ὣ ѡ
      ạѡ ӿի ѡ , .ǽѬ ٽ ԫ ߬.
      ߽Ҫѡ ٽ ạѡ ѽѼ Ի޿, Ѽ
      Ҫټ ߿ӫ.
      黫߽ ٽ ѡ ӫԫѴ.
      1881. .ǽѬ ѽ , ޿ Ҽ Ὣԡ ,
      ӿ ѡ, ӿӫ Ѯ, ӿ , ޿ߴ Ѽ
      ߡ .ᡡ ӫ߬ ߫ԫ -߿ӫ ӫ񫽪
      ߽Ҫ ԫ ѽ. ѡ ѽ, ߽
      Ѽ ޫ ڡѮ.
      黫߽ .ǽѬ :
          " 1881. ... ߫ ԻὫ... ҽ.
            Ѽ ... ի իѽ ҮԿ ӿի; ӿѽ
           ѽ Ӭ, ߴ ѡ ӫѡ ߽
           ٽ... ӫ񫽪 ߽Ҫ , ߬ ...
            , 1883. һ Կ ߽,
            ի.
           ᬫ ѡ ߻ ߽, Ѽ ԫ ެ ӫ
           Ὣ 󽿴 ӫ, ԫ ӫ񫽪 Ѽߴ ҽ.
            󡿼ѽ ߫. Ĭߴ,
            ᬫ ߫ѡ ԫ Ѽ, Ҫ ߫...
           ѡ ԫ ế. ỿ ԫ 񫬽... ԫ "ᬫ ߫Ӫ᡿
           Ѭ ߫ Ѵ ѡ, ѽ...".
            1887. ߴ, ԫ ߿߬ ӿ Ѽ ӿߴ
           , Ѽ , , ѻ ѫի ѡ ӿԿ,
            ӫ ٴߡ ѡ Ἴ, Ѻ ߫ѡ
           ӿԿ߬ — ѡ ӫ-߿ ӿ὿.
           , ߿ տѻ߬, ỿ Ѽ ԫ 񫬽, ԫٮ ٽ
           ٬ ߼ѡ Ѽ ߫ѡ ӫἼ
            ߫, Ѽ ӫ߿ ٬...".
      1900. .ǽѬ ٽ ạѡ ߽Ҫ ӫ ߫ .
      ߬ ., ., ӫ ߫ 
      Ѯ, ӫԫѮ 
        ѻտٮ ӫԿҽ߬ ߿-ӫ񡿬 
        1900 
       ᡿ 1906 
      1905. 󴺿 󫽯ټ 󫽡ѡ .ǽѬ ὿ ѻӿԡԿ:
      ߬ ѽѡ һѬ ѽԿ ὫԿ
      , Ӫ Ҫѡ ԡ իѡ.
      Ѻҽ ߫ 󫺼 .ǽѬ ᡫ ӫ,
      ӫ߿ տѴ Կ ӫ ԫ, .ǻẫ.
      տѻ߬ ߬ 俼ӿ () 񽫪 Ѽ ԫ ԫ
      һ Ѻ һѽ ݬѡ, ѽѬ ѡ߿ ,
      ߬ү իү Ѽ

(c) . ҽ