ҡ ߿ ѻᡫ 
     ӫѡ 1879 
    ѡ ӫѡ 15 
    ߴ ӫѡ 5 
    ԫ ӫѡ 쿪ӫ߬ ., Ҭ߬ . (߬ , Ὤ߬ .), .ӫ 
    Ѯ 
    ߿ ҡ ӫߴ 15 1879. .ӫ Ѽ ߫,
    ѻ ӫ ҡ һ ӫ
    ɫ
      1 2
        ӿ ߬߬ Ѵ ߿ 
        ӿ (ҡ 񿼿 ᮽ) 
    ԫ[1] [2] [3] [ 1917.] [ 1920- ] [ 1933.] [ 1933. 1950- .] [1952-1953.] [1953-1954.] [1954-1969.]
      ӫ᡿
        쿪ӫ߬ ., Ҭ߬ . (߬ , Ὤ߬ .), .ӫ 
        19 Ѭ ߿ ѻᡫ ѡߴ ߬ Ѯ ߬
        ᡫ󡫮 (1884..). ߴ Ѽ ի ӫү 󴡡ү Ӭ
        ѽ ӫ.
        ߿ ѻᡫ ѽѺ ӫ, Ѽ һӡ ѽ ߻ѵ
        ޿-᡿
        쿪ӫ߬ ., .Ҭ, ߽Ҫٮ ӿ Ҭ߬ ѻ ߬ .. 
        ߿ ѻᡫ .. ѻ .Ҭ, ӫ񫽪 ߽ߴ
        ѽ ӫ.
        ߡү Ѽ ӫ ߽Ҫ ӿ ѽѺӫ ѻ,
        ԫ ߿ ѻᡫ ѡ Ѻ ѽ ӫ,
        ޫ 󴡡 񫼿 ӫ Ի߬.
        ġ ٽ ѽټ ѽѬ, Ἣԫѽ ߬,
        ߽߬ ᡿, ѽ ү իӫޫ ᡡү Ѭ.
        Ҭ ߿ ѻᡫ Ѽ 󽴽 ӿիἿ ūӫ߬ ߫.
        Ѯ Ѽ Կ ԫѽ ūӫ߬ ߫ ӫԫѮ ߿
        쿬 ӿ߬.
        30 1905. Ѽ ӫ ӿ, ԡټ ٽ ެ ѻ
        ӫ ҡ "߬ , " Ľ ᡫ 﫻.
        5 Ӵ 1907. ӫߴ ١ ´ (߽ ѵ ӿ ӿ),
        11 Ӵ ٽ ѡ, ߻ӿѼἿ ὿ ߡ ..ҡ ..﫻.
        Ҭ߬ ѻ ߬ .., ߿ ѻᡫ ߴ ѡѼ
        ԫ һ󽴯, ߽߫Ҫ. ġ ӫ, ӡ Ѻ.
        ߽߫Ҫѵ ߻:
            "Ѫ Ѽ ߴ ӫ, ߿ ѻᡫ ѡ
              ԡټ ѡѼ ѽ ԫӴ ԫ, ߽ Կ ߽᡿
             ߫ ὿ ԫڿ ".
        ߿ ѻᡫ ٽ ޿ԫ ߫ , իӫޫ 󫺡ߴ,
        Ѽ ٽ ѡ ߬ӫټ ߫ ӫ ի
        ߿ ѻᡫ.
        տѻ߬ ӿ ǽ Ѯ ӿ ӿ :
            "Դ , ߿ ѻᡫ ٽ Ҫ , Ҭ,
             ڿ ӿ, ߻ӫ߿ :
                " ѡ-ԫ? ԫ , ԫ 󫽯,
                  ߽ ᬫ?"
              Կ ӫԬ:
                " ѡ ٽ ".
        ū ԫ ߽ ӿ ӿ ߻:
            "Ѽ , Ὣ
             濼-, ߻ӫ߿ Ҽѡ, ѽ ỿ߿
             ѡ XX Ѭ. ġ ߬, ԫ ... ӫ߿, ߼ӿ
              1913 ߬ ѡ... ѽ ỿᡡ ߯ Ѽ.
              ߫Ѽ ԫѽ Ӵ 濼- ӿѺ ߬
              ᡿ ӿ ǽѬ߿, ԫ ԫ ߬ Ѽ
             һѡ... Ҽ, ỿ߿ ԫ߬
             ѽ".
        1908. ߿ ѻᡫ ߫ 󫿼 ..ӬѼ Ի󿽿
        .ӫ ߫ 󫿼 Ѽ, ԫ Կ .ᡡ ӫ߬.
        Ѻ , ӫ ӫԫѮ ᡡ (ӫ߬) ԫ
        ӫ ѽڿ Կ ѡԫ ӵ. ѼѮ ӬѮ ޽
        ӫҽߴ ӫ. Կ .ᡡ ѽ ѽѮ ߻ӫ߿:
        "ԫ 쿪ӫ߬ ӡ? ӫի". ߿ ѻᡫ ӫ
        ӴԿ. ѽѮ, ޿ , ѽ. Դ Ѭԫӫ Ѽ
        ѽ ٽ ߬:
            "ԫ 쿪ӫ߬ ӡ? ӫի, ԯެ ".
        ū߽ Կ ߽ ѽѮ ߿ ѻᡫ ԫߴ, ӫ߽὿
        Կ .ᡡ. ū߽ ѵ ᡡ 󺴽 Ҭ ԫὫ
        , ӿ , ߬:
            " — Ѽ ừԫ ".
        1909. ѼѮ ҡ ӫ 񫬿, ԡټ ٽ
        ߿ ᡫ 﫻 ӫ ҡ.
        4 Ӵ 1911. 񫬿 ߬ ߬ӽԿ.
        6 1911. ӫߴ ١ ǽѬ, ߻ӿѼἿ ٽ . ѻ
        ᡫ 﫻 ߿ ѻᡫ ҡ ӿ.
        17 ԴӴ 1911. ѡѵ ǽѬ ᬪ ߬ߴ.
        24 Ӵ 1915. Ѽ ҡ ӫߴ ١, ӿӿ. ߻ӿѼἿ
        ٽ ѽ ӫ ߿ ҡ ӿ.
        24 1916. ӫ ǡ, ԡټ ٽ Կ ߿ ҡ — ´
        ӿ ҡ.
        黫߽ ѼѮ ҡ ӿ Ѽ ߻᡿ үߴ
        ߿ӫԫ ߬ү ǡ ѽ ӫ.
        ١ ´ ߿ ѻᡫ ѽ ߴ Ҭ߬ү ѽѺӫү
        ެ.
        1917. ߽ ߬ 󫽯, 쿪 ӫ 쿪ӫ߬ Ѻ
        ӿߴҽ Ѽѡ ѽ.
        8 1917. ߫ԫ ԬԿ տ Ѻ ѽԫ
        쿪ӫ߬ ѻտ Կ ӫ߿߬
        ūԡ . ѽԫ үڿ .Ҭ ٽ ߽ ߿
        ѻᡫ ҡ
      Ҫѡ
        쿪ӫ߬ ., .Ҭ, ԫ-ƿի߬ Ӭ Ҭ߬ ƿի߬ ѡ߬ Ӵ 
         ѽ Ӭ-߬ ߫, ѡ ߿߬ ԫ , Ҭѽ " ." 
          1919 
        ߿ ѻᡫ Ѽ ٽ ӿիἿ ԫ-ƿի߬
        Ҭ߬ ƿի߬ ѡ߬ Ӵ.
        ԫ 1919. ԫ-ƿի߬ Ҭ߬ Ӵ ԡټ Դ
        ٽ ԫ ѽ߬իѡ ޡ, ߴ Ѻ
        ᡿.
        30 1919. ߿ ѻᡫ һ ᮫ ѽѺӫ ߫᡿
        ӿ ӿի ӿ ѡ .ǽѬ ᵿᡫ
        ӯ, " ߫Ѯ ӫ᡿".
        ߫᡿ 19 1919. ԫ-ƿի߬ ѽ
        ѡ ǽѬ ᵿᡫ ߿ ѻᡫ һ 񫬽, ԫٮ
        󻫽 ߫᡿, ԫ իߴ ӿԿ߬ ѡ,
        ӪἿ ѡ ſ᡿ ѫի񿼫 ӿ.
        黫߽ ѡ ߿ ѻᡫ ҡ ߫ᡡү
        ӿի߬ү ڿ, ѽѬ, үڿߴ ߽Ҫѡټ ԫӿԫ
        ߽Ҫڿ ѻ.
        ū߽ Կ ߫Կ ԡ ٽ ᡿Ѽ
        "ѽ Կ":
             "ӿ ޡѼ ƿի߬ ẫߴ Ӭ-߬ ߫.
               ޽ ӿի-ѽѺӫ: ӫ , ޿ ҡ,
               Ҽѡ .
               ᡿ ۴ ѽ Կ ԡ
              ӿ ѽ. ӫ ߼ѽ Ӵ "󺴽
               "...
              ӫ߽, ԫ -Ѽ ߴ, ߫ ӫ ѽߴ...
              ߻Ѽ ӫ߽, ߬ ὿.
              ... Կ ҡѡ ӿ޽ һߴ .
              ߴ Ѻٮ ߻, ߫ ٽ ѿ...".
        1 ѽ 1920. Ҭ߬ү ٽ ạѡ ѫѡٮ
        ūӻ (ƿի), ԫٮ ߴ ߿Ѽ ҡټ, ѽ
        󫿼 ѡټ .
        1920. ѻ߬ ūӻ ߫ Ѻ իѡ Ӵ ѻ߬߬
        , ԫӫ ӿ὿ ӿӿ ߿ ҡ
        ѽԫ. 񡿼 ᡫѡ ԫ Ѻ ٽ ѡ ᮡѮ ѫի񿼫Կ
        ẫ "櫯 ӿի" Ѯ Ҭ-߬ ѻտ.
        ѽѮ ԫ ᡿ᵿ ٽ ѡ߽Ҫѽ,
        Ӵ.
        󫿼 ᡫѡѼ Ѻ, ѫѡټ ūӻ,
        Ҭ ѽѡ ߿߬ ԫ .
        ߿ ѻᡫ ҡ ѽ ߫ ԫ իӫ޿
        ӫ񡿬.
        ѬѼ ԫ ٽ Ҭѡٮ 6 1920. . ūެ
        (Ѽ տѬ), ԫٮ ߽Ҫ ԫѽѼ ԫ-ƿի߬ Ӭ
        Ҭ߬ Ӵ.
        2 ѡԴӴ ѫѡٮ ūӻ տѻ߬ 쿪ӫ߬ ߫
        ԫ, ԫ ߫ߴ ߽Ҫ ѽ Ӵ, , ߽,
        ԫ ٽ ߿ Ѭԫ ԫڿ ѡ "... Կ߬
        ѡ ѬἿ Ѽ ߫ Ӭ ӿԫ". ߽
        , ԫ " ߬߿ ߫ ԫӫ Ӭ — ..ӿ, ..ӫ
        ..ҡ".
        1 Ӵ 1920. ӫ ߽Ҫڿ Ҭ߬ ѻ, ߫ԫڿ ѡἿ
        ӿի߬ ߫ ӿիἿ ƿի߬ ѡ߬ Ӵ, ỿ὿
        ӫѡ 쿪ӫ߬ ӡ߬ ڡٮ ѽ:
            "Ҭ߬ ӫ߬ ڡ-Ѽѽٮ ѽ ټ Ѽ ӿߡ
             ӿߡ Կӡ ԡѡ ӿ Ҭ߬ ѡ߬ Ӵ,
              ԫӫ ߫ԫ ӿիἿ, Ӵ Ѽ ѡ իѡ,
              үڿ ᡫߴ ١߿ټ...
             ...ѽ ѡ, ѽ Կ , ᬪ
             ѽ ᬫ.., ѽ ԫѽ Ӵ Ἷ,
             ԫ ӫ Կ ... ѽ ໿߬, ѡ
             ߽ 񻫽ߴ Ԭ ѡ, ԫ ߿ ,
             Ὣ-߬ ѽ, ߻ѡ ӿ — ѽ,
             үڿ ᡴ Ἷ...ᬫ ...ԡѡ үڿ
             իѡ 󿽫 ١߿ ѡ... ԫѽ Ӵ
             ӿҪѡ 񡫼 ໿߬, ѡ ӫ ӿԿߴ -ԫ
              ἫӬ, үѮ ỿ Ѽ, үڿ һӫ
             5–7 ѽѬ ѽ, ᬫ Ẽѡ ӫ
             ӫս ѡ, ԫӫ ߽Ҫ 󫺼 ạ ᡿.
             ۴ߡ ѿѡ, ӡѮ ӫ߿ ѽ ߻Ӵѡ Ҭ߬
             Ӫѽ Ѭѡ ӿߡѡ , ԫӫ ѽ
             ໿߬, Ѽѡ Կ ᡿ ߽...
              ӿԡ ԡѡ ѡ 忽ѽ ӿ 󺴽 ...
             Ѽ ټ ᡫߴߴ ߬ѡ ޿ ѽټ ٺ
             ᮡԿ...".
        1921–1922. Ҭ Կ󿺿ӫ὿ ѡ. ū ߽ѡ ѻ߬
        ūӻ, ԡ իѡ Ӵ һ὿ ẽ ߻,
        ԫ ӫ񿽿 ӿӫ, ӿ ޫ ѡ үڿ.
        ү ӫ ѡἿ ὿ ԫѽ ƿի߬
        ӫԫѮ ūެ ߿ ҡ.
        1922. ӫԫѮ ѽ Կ. ໿߬ ūӻ ߫ տѻ߬
        񫬿 Ѻ . ӫѡ .ӫ ߿Ѽ ҡټ
        ߻ ѡἿ, ԫ Ӫ :
             "... [ѡ] ӫ὿ . ..ҡ, ѽ޿ ߬
              ѡ -߽߬ ... Ĭ ҡ ѡ ӫ
               ҽѡѼ 櫺ѽ ߬һѽ. Ļѡ ү ߽.
              ߻ӫᡡٮ [ѡѵ] ۴ Ѭѡ ᡿...
               ߽үү Ѭ 󿽿 .߿ ߬, ..ҡ, ..ӿ
               ߽ѽѮ... ū ޿ Ѭԫӫ , ԫ ԫ
              ߡ ޿ ڿԡ , ᬿ ẫ, ߽
              ᡿...".
        5 6 ὴ 1922. ߬ߴ ٻ Կ ӫԫѮ ūެ.
        ߿ ѻᡫ ᡿ ԫѡ ӫ
        Ѻ ߽Ҫڿ Ҭ߬ ѻ.
        ūѡ . ٽ ԫӪѡټ. Ի᡿ ߫ ѻ߬ ūӻ.
        ԫ 1922. Ҭ "߫Կ Ӭ󡫮 ӿ" ٽ ԫ ԫѽ
        ӫ߬ ߫ ӫԫѮ ߿ ӿ߬ ӫԫѮ ߬.
        󴺿 󫺡޿ ѡ Ҭ ѻ߬ ūӻ ߽ ߫
        " .". ҬѽѼ ٽ ѡ ߿ ѻᡫ ҡ.
        ѽѼ — ѻ߬ ūӻ.
        ߿ ѻᡫ ӿӿ ѻᡫ ٽ Կټ ԡἿ
        ѡ߬ ߬
        쿪ӫ߬ ., .Ҭ 
          1922 
        1922. Կ ӿ Ӵ Ҭ ѻ߬ ūӻ
        ߼ѽ һѡ ӫԿ ѡ ڿ үڿ ٽ ԫ.
        ٽ ԫ ߿ ѻᡫ ҡ
      Ҫѡ
        ././1922 
        ѡ "Կ߫߬ ᵿ, ѽٮ Կ" 
        ӿ ᬽѡ  
      ᬽѡ
        ѽ߬ ., 櫽ѵ ߫ ạѡ 
          1922 
        ߿ ҡ ٽ 񡿼 Һ ԫ ԫ ߫ᡡ 櫽ѵ Ӵ.
        ѡ ߬ ᬽѡ 櫽.
        󫿽 ߻ѵ ᡿ ߬ ᡿.
        ᡿, ѼԿӫ ѡٮ ѽ ӫի, ի޿
        Ѫ 櫽ѵ տѽ ӿ.
        櫬ӡ ԡ߿ Ѽ ѡѼ. ġ Ӫ ԡѡ տѴ
        ѡἿ, ի޿ߴ .
        Կ ᮡ ߽Ҫѡ 30 Ѯ ӫѽ Ѭӡ .
        Ҭ , Ѯ޿ ӿ ӿ, :
              "ƫ, ԫ ٪ Ѭӡ — ԫ ".
        1927. 櫽, ߽ ᡿ "Ѭᵿ" ӫ (ӫ߬)
        ѻ߬, ի޿ߴ ᬽѡ 櫽, Ի󿽿 ӫ
        ԡ ߽᡿. ѻ߬, ԫ Ԭ ӿ "Ѭᵿ",
        ӫ ߽ҪѡѼ. ᬫ ѻ߬ Ѯ߬
        ӿ (ӫ) ԫӫ "ѻڿ", ߫ᡴ ԫү
        Ӭ󡫮 . ү ӫԫ Ѽ (ӫ߬)
        ߫ᡴ ߿ ҡ.
        1920- . ߿ ѻᡫ ٽ ѡ ӡҽߴ Ҭ
      Ҫѡ
        쿪ӫ߬ ., .Ҭ, ԫ-ƿի߬ ӿ Ѽ ѡ߬  
         ѡ Ӭ󡫮 Ԭ 
         ᡿ 1928 
        ѽѺ ӫ ޿ԫ.
        ġ һ Ӭү Ԭ ԫ-ƿի߬ .
        ԫ ٽ ӿ ߫ Կ Ἣ Ҭ.
        ټ ٽ 1923. Ѯ ӿ "߬᡿ ޿".
        ūӫ߬ ߫ ٽ ѡ ѡἿ (ٽ ѽ 1931.).
        ߴ Ѯүڿ ԫ ԫ-ƿի߬ ӿ Ѽ ѡ߬ ,
        Ѽ ᡿ᡡ տ ѽ߬իѡ ѽ.
        1928. ѽ߬իѡ ѽ ٽ ӫ.
        ԡ Կ ޿ ԫ-ƿի߬ ӫ Ҭ.
        ӡ޿ߴ 櫽 ߿ ҡ ӿ Կ Կ
        ӫԿ Կ ߬ ԫ-ƿի߬ .
        ԫ Կ Կ Ӭ, Ѻ߻ޡ Ѻ ߬
        ѡ ԡ Ҭ߬ ѻ ..὿.
        (黫߽, ߼Ӵ Ԭ ߿ ҡ ӿի-ѽѺӫ
        ߻Կ Կ ƿի߬ , 11 ѬӴ 1929. ٽ ᡫ ᡫѡ
        ѺҼ 쿪ᮿ߻ Կ ԫ-ƿի߬ Ӭ ߻᡿
        ԫӫ ᡿ , — ѪԿ ѡԫ աҼ,
        ..ҡ ٽ Ҫ ٽ, ٽ ѡ ߡ᡿,
        11 ѡԴӴ 1931. ѽ Ҭ߬ ߫ 񫬽:
             "...޿ ƿի߬ ߽ , ӿ һѡ
              ӫѽ ߬ , ѡ ѽѺӫ ѻ").
        1928. ޿ ӫԿѡ Դ ߽񡯯 Ӭ
        Ҭ, ߿ ѻᡫ ѡ .
        ߿ ѻᡫ ߫ ѡ.
        һ , ߬ ᡫ, ߬ Ѽ: "..., ѻ ҼѼ".
        ߿ ѻᡫ Կ:
             "...ū߬ Կ ӿ, .
              ".
        Ѽ, Կ ὿ ߴ߬ ҡѡ .
        տ Ѯ ӿ ӿ, Ҭ ߿ ѻᡫ ҡ,
        ᡿ߴ "Կ ޿ ҡ", ᡡ ߬߬
        ߬߬ "Ѻ":
            " ެ , ٺ. ߬ .
              ӫ ѡ... ӻѽ, 񡫼 ӫѽ߬
             ߫᡿ ҡ һ ӿӡ ᬫ :
                   "߽! ӿԫ ! ġ 񫽪ѡ Կ ޿ Ѯ"
                     Կ ެ "ᬫ "".
             Ҫ Ҽߴ Ѽ, ԫ ᬿ ߫߬ ެ,
             ӫӿ, ԫ ߫ ޿ ҡ...".
        ߬ ٽ ߬ 19 1929.,
        ߿ ѻᡫ ҡ, ѡ ӿ ӿ,
        Ҫ ٽ "ӫѡ", .. ԫ Իѡ
        쿪ӫ߬ ., .Ҭ 
          1928 
        ߿ ѻᡫ ԫ὿ "Կ߫߬ү Ѵѽ"
      Ҫѡ
        ././1928 
        ѡ "Կ߫߬ Ѵѽ" 
        ӿ 5 Ѯ 
        ߿ ѻᡫ ٽ ӿѡ 5 Ѯ.
        ū߽ ѡ ߬ ᡫ .ӫ
      ᬽѡ
        ӡٮ , (ѽԽ) 
          1929 
        ߴ  5 
         ᡿ 1933 
        1929. ߿ ѻᡫ ӿٽ ӫѽ ѽӫ-Կ߬
        . 1933. ѡ
      ӫ᡿
        ߬ , Ὤ߬ ., .ӫ 
          1933 
         ᡿ 1945 
        ū߽ ѡ 1933. ߿ ѻᡫ ӡҽߴ Ѽ ѽ ӫ.
        ӫ ѼѮ .ӫ 1945.
        ߬߬ .(?) 
          1945 
        ѽ ѡ 󫮡 .߬ ὿ һ "߿"
        ԫ, ԫ:
            "ҡ ߿ ѻᡫ, ŽԿ١ Ѽѡ Ӭ ǽѬѮ ߿
              Ҫڿ Կ߫߬ү ᵿ".
        ߽ Ѻѽ. ԫᡡ Կ
        ѡ ԯ ߬߬ .
      Ҫѡ
        ߫ ᡿ ӿ  
        29/12/1945 
        ѡ "Կ߫߬ ᵿ ӫ" 
        ӿ 5  
        ӿὫ ѽ:
             "Ѽ ѽ ᡫѡ, ԫ ҡ, ŽԿ١ Ӭ
               ԡѡ ߬ Կ, 1944. ὿
              Ѫ ߫ ѽ ߫ԡ Կ߫߬ . , ӿ,
              ҡ ߬ߴ ߬ ѽ Ҭѽ,
               ѡ үڿ ߬ 櫯, ὴ ߬ ӫ
              ߬ߴ ᡫѡ տ ...
               ߡ᡿ ѡ, 󿡴ߴ ҡ .., ŽԿ١ .. Ӭ ..
               ԫ, ԫ Ѫ ߫, ѽ Կ߫߬ ,
              ߬὿ ߬ ѽ ὴ ߬ ӫ.
              ѡ ѽ N 357, ᬫѡ, Ѻ ӫӫ ߬߬ .
               ߼ѡ ߫ ᡿ ӿ ".
        ӫի޿ ԫ ѽ ӫ — 5
      ᬽѡ
        ѡ ԯ ߬߬ . 
          1945 
         ᡿ 1945 
        ԫ߬ ., .櫽߬ 
          1945 
         ᡿ 1950 
        ū߽ ѡ ߿ ѻᡫ իߴ ѽ ѡ:
            "ġ ٽ ӫԫ ӫ, ԫ ԫ ѡ 󫺼 ߻Կ
              ٽ — ߬ߴ Ѯ... "
      ӫ᡿
        ѡ 
          1952 
         ᡿ 1953 
        1952. ѡ ٽ ὿ᡫ, ӿ ѡ
        Ѽ ١ ´, ԫٮ ԫ Ѽѡ Ҫ ٽ ѡ. Ѯ޿ ӿ
        ߻ ԫ ߽:
             " Ἣ ὿ ߬߬ 󫬺. իӫޫ ߵѡ:
              ѽ իٮ ѽѬ, Ὣ — ӿ,
               ӫټ ӡټ ӡټ Ѽᡫ, Ѫ Ѽ:
                  ", ! Ѯ Ѽ ߿ڿ".
               󫺼Կߴ:
                — "ᬫ ߿ڿ?"
                — ", , ԫ Ѽ Կ...".
               ҽҽߴ, ߡ Ѽѡ, Ѽ, ὿ , ޽.
               իӫޫ ừ".
        ӫ Ѭԫӫ Ѽ ١ ѡ, ߿ ѻᡫ ӡҽߴ ӫ ѽ
        ӫ
        ߬ , Ὤ߬ ., .ӫ 
          1952 
         ᡿ 1953 
      Ҭѡ
         
        1953 
        ѡ 24 
        ߴ 3 
        ԫ Ҭ ѻ߬ ߬ ӽ߬ ѡ (ٽ) 
        ԫ ߿ ѻᡫ ٽ ӿ ѡٮ .
        1953., ߽ ߼Կ ߿ ὿, ߻
        24 1953. ٽ ѡ ᬫ ѻ߬ ѡѼ (ٽټ)
        [4],[5]
      Ҫѡ
        ެ߬ , .߬, ´-ѽ߬ Ӭ 
        ᬫ 
          1953 
        ѡ  24 
        ߴ  3 
         ᡿ 1954 
        ӿӫ ᬫ ´-ѽ߬ Ӭ .߬
        [2 (.1. .5. .74.)]
      Ҭѡ
        Ѯ 
        1954 
        ԫ Ҭ տѻ߬ ߬ ӽ߬ ӿ (ӫիӫ) 
        Ҭѡ ѡ ԫӫ 1954. տѻ߬ ߬
        ӽ߬ ӿ (ӫիӫټ) ӿԫӫѡ߬ Ӭ .-ӫ߬
        (ӫ) ạѡ ԫѽѼ
      Ҫѡ
        ެ߬ , ѽ߬ ., .-ӫ߬ (ӫ), ӿԫӫѡ߬ Ӭ 
        Ѯ 
         ԫѽ 
          1954 
         ᡿ 1959 
        꼴 ѡ ..ҡ ԫ һὫ Ӽᵿ
        ѡ ѽ ԡ Ӵ իӫ
        ӫ񡿬. , 1- 1956. Ҭ ѡ
        ӿԫӫѡ߬ Ӭ . .-ӫ߬ ѽ߬ -.
        ѡٮ ߫:
           "ѡ ҡ... ѡ ѻ߬ ѡѼ 1953.
            ... ټ ӫԿ󡿬 ѽԫ [Ѭԫ], ߽
            ߽Ҫ һ ӫ񴼿, ԫ ߿ ҬѽѮ ѽ߬
            ڿ... үڿ "
               [2 (.1. .6. .67.)].
        Դ 1957. ѡٮ ߫ ߬:
           "ѡ ҡ, ߽Ҫڿ -ѪѼ ѽ߬ ᮫, ߫
             Ѻ ޿ ԫ, үڿ , ừ
             񡿬 ѡ, ߬ Ҫ Ӭ, 󴺿 Ѽ
            ٮ ӿ Ӭ󡫼
            ߽Ҫѡ" [2 (.1. .6. .262.)].
        Ӽᵿ 1- 1958. ѡٮ ߫ ѽ
        Ѵѽ .߿ ҡ:
           "ѡ ҡ (ѽ߬ ᮫) ӫ ӿ
            үڿ ߻ Ѯ ѽ . Ӵ
            ެ, Ѭѡ, ԫ ӿ񿽿 Ѯ Ӭ,
            ӿ὿ ߴ ެ 񼿡ᵿ. ġ ӿ:
               " Ӭ ի ѽ , ӫ ߫ Ӭ
                "".
        ū ӫ ߵѡ὿ ѡټ ӫѡ ѽԿ
        ߬ Կ [2 (.1. .6. .398.)]
        ެ߬ , ūӫ߬ ., .-ѻᡫ, ӫ߬ Ӭ 
        Ѯ 
         ԫѽ 
          1959 
         ᡿ 1964 
        1959. 1964., Դѽ Ѻ, .߿ ӫի
        ߽Ҫѡ 񡫼 ѡ ӿի ߬ ѻտ, .-ѻᡫ
        [4], [5].
        󡿬 ӿѼ ѡ ѽ ެ߬
        ߫᡿ߴ Ӵ ỿѮ, ڿ ѽ ߬ ߽Ҫѡ .߿
        ӿ ߬ ѡ Ӭ.
        󡿬 ӿѼ ѡ .ᮽ. 1959., 17 ѡԴӴ:
           "ӿ ѡ ҡ ūӫ߬ -. 櫫ڿ, ԫ ᮫
            ѽѡ ᡬ Ԭߴ ӿ Ѭڿ ѡ,
            ӿѪڿ Ӭ󡫮 ڿ. ԫ ѻ, ҡ
            ӿ Ѫڿ ".
        18 Ӵ 1959. 񫽪Կ ѡ ᮽ ߼ѡ 쿬
        — ԫ ѽ Ӭ, Ҭ ԫӫ ӿѪ ߽үڿ ỿ߿.
        󡿬 ӿѼ. 1959., 25 ѬӴ:
           "ӿ ѡ ҡ .-ѻᡫ ūӫ߬ - (80 ),
             ١ — ԫѽ ūӫ߬ Ӭ ѡ. ӫ߿, ԫ Ѽ
            ѽ Ѯ Ѻ . ᡿ ӿի .
             ԫ , ԫ ".
        󡿬 ӿѼ. 1960., 11 ѽ:
           "ӿ .-ѻᡫ (ūӫ߬ -) ѡ ҡ, ѡ
            ߫ 諽߬, ի Կ, ԫ Ὣ὿ Ѭԫ
             .ફ ( ӫ Ӭ ߬ үڿ".
        񫬽񡫮 ỿ߬ ѡ Ӭ 1960. ѡٮ
        . Լ:
           ".ҡ ӿѪ Ѽ ѡ, ԫ ѽ ޿ѡ
            󽿴 ߬Կ Ѻᬫ Ѯ, Ѻ὿ Ἷ,
             ѡ , ߫὿ , ӫ񿽿
             ѽ Ѽ... ӿ ԫ ѽү (,
            ѡ Ѯ ..)"
                [2 (Ӽᵿ . .1. .7. .341,372)].
        󡿬 ӿѼ. 30 1961.:
           "ӿ ҡ (-ѻᡫ), һѪѡ ѡ ѡ
            20- Ѽ Ӭ 1960. (Ἣ)".
        ߻ ѴѽԿ 1961. ѡٮ :
           "ƫ Ѻҽ ߽ ӫ Ѵѽ ѡ߽ҪѽѮ
             ߴ ߫ ӡ ի үڿ , Կ Ѯ
             ԡ (ѽ߬ ūӫ߬ ᮫)... ӫ,
             Ѽ ߫Ӫ᡿ (. — ԫ ., ūӫ߬ - —
            ҡ)...
             ӫ ѡ ҡ (.-ѻᡫ, ūӫ߬ -)
             ԿѽѮ Ӭ ѿѪ 󫮡, ӿ ߬һ
            ӫҬ, ӫ޽ѡ ԫ ӿ ߴ ;
             ҡԫ, ѡҴ ߡټ ѺἿ,
            ӿ .
             Կ ҡ Ѯ Ӵ ѡἿ.
            ҡ ѽ 񡿬 Ѽ Կ ߫὿ 󬫮
            үڿ ѡ.
             ԫ Կ ѡ ᡫѡ Ӵ Կ Ѯ
            (Ѻ ߫߿ ӫѽѮ, Կ᡿ӡ ߽).
             1961. ҡ, ѽ ӿѡ ԫӫ Ӭ үڿ,
            ߻Կ ߽ Կ, ԫ ի ߫
            ѡ Ѯ ߫߿ ߫᡿ Ӭ.
             Կ Ѯ ҡ ᵿ ߡ ߽Ҫ ѡ"
              [2 (Ӽᵿ . .2. .9. .6–7.)].
        ỿ߬ " ᡿ ɫ ެ߬ 1962." ѡٮ
        ߫ Ҭ:
           " .-ѻᡫ, ūӫ߬ ᮫ ѡ ҡ, ԫ Ӫ
            үڿ, ӿ޿ ѽѡ ҡԫ, ޿
             Ѽ . ѡ ᡿ [ѡ] ԼὫ"
              [2 (Ӽᵿ . .2. .9. .1.)].
        󡿬 ӿѼ. 1962., 22 Ӵ:
           "ҡ .. (-ѻᡫ) — ߡԿ ᵿ. ٽ
            . ...ū, ԫ ҡ Կ Ѯ Ѯ Կ, ٮ
             ӫ, ạ ӫ իӫ޿ , Դ .
            ҡ , ԫ Ѽ ӿ Ѯ, ԫ
            ӿ ԫ ӫѽѮ, , ߴ үڿ,
             ޿ߴ. ѽᡫ ߽ һѪѡ ѡ
             1 , ߽ Ὣ — ߡ ( ѡ , 80 )".
        󿡴 ѡ " ߻ӫѡ ߽ի Կ Ӭ -ѻᡫ",
        ѡٮ ԫ Ἣ Ѽ ԫ ߡ᡿ Ҽѡ
        ᵿ.
        5 ѽ 1962. Ѭ "ѡ " Ὣ Ѽ ԫѡ ӿ
        Ѭѡᵿ "߫ Ҽѡ [ Ӭ] ᡿".
        11 ѽ ӿ ۴Կ ᡿ ٽ ߽ ѡ ӫټ.
        󡿬 ӿѼ. 1962., 14 :
           "ҡ .. (ӿѺ ߫ ի ѡ ӫ
            ) 󴺿 Ѽѡټ ߡԿѼ ᵿ Կү
            ӫ߬ү Ѵѽ".
        ԫ ѡ ỿᡫ:
           "ҡ ߡ 4 . ӿѡ Ѯ".
        񫬽񡫮 ỿ߬ " ѡ ᬫѽ ҽ Ӭ󡿬Ἷ",
        15 1962., ѡٮ ߫:
           "[໿߬] 쿬 [Ѭ ߬ ѻտ һѡ տӿ
            ߿] ӡ Ԭԫ ڿ ޿ѽѮ ᬫѽ
             ߽ իѡ ߴ ӫ ޿ ӿի,
             Ի߬ Ἣ, ԫ ٽ ߫ ѡ
            ҡټ: ѡ ᬫѽ ߡ 4 . ᵿ,
             ӡ Ѽ ߻, ԫ իߴ Ի߬...
             ѡ ᬪ ߬ ѡ ᬫѽ.
            Կ ѡ ߴ ѡ ӫѮ ѡ-Կ߬
            Ѽ (ԫ, ҡ, ѽ), ӿѡ Ѫ Ѯ Ӭ
            (ӿ (ԫ߬), ҡ)..."
               [2 (Ӽᵿ . .2. .9. .72.)].
        21 1962. ѡٮ ߫ڿ ѻ߬ 쿬 Ѭӯ ѻտ
        һѡ տӿ ߿ (ӡ) ۴Կ ᡿ -ѻᡫ.
        23 . ӿ὿ үڿ -ѻᡫ
           " ӫ ۴Կ ᡿ ѡ ѡ. ᬫ ߬, ԫ
            ߽ ߡԿ ѡ — Ѭ὿ ߫ߴ Ӭ, Ԭ
            ԫӫ, ὿ ެ 竡 ѽ, ѽ ߽Ҫ".
        󡿬 ӿѼ. 1962., 6 ѡԴӴ:
           "28 ӫ ٽ ӫ ѡ ѡ. Ԭߴ
            ѽ, ѽᵿ ߬ (ᬫ, Ἣӿ, Ԭ)
             Ѻ. 5- Ѽ ߡ 񽫪 Ԭ, Ԭߴ.
            ƫ ... ߡ Ἣ ѡ߽ ".
        󡿬 ӿѼ. 1962., 15 ѡԴӴ:
           "ӿի ҡ ӫ Ѽ ߻ [ ᵿ] ӫ".
        󡿬 ӿѼ. 1962., 1 ԴӴ:
           "ӿի [ѻ߬] 쿬, ѡ ᬫѽ
             ҽ ѡἿ (...ҡ — ӫ Ѻ ߬...)".
        Ӽᵿ ѡ ߫Ὣ:
           " 1962 ٮ 1963. ԫ 7 ӬѮ...
            ѽ ڿ ۴ ѡ ѡ, ѡ ᡿
            (.-ѻᡫ ߬ ᮫ .ᡫ Ӽ߬὿߬ ᮫)"
              [2 (Ӽᵿ . .2. .9. .175.)].
        ū-񿼫, үڿ ѡ὿ ᬫ-ԫ ѡ ѡ, ߻߬
        Ѯүڿ ӿի ߫ԫ 5 1963. Ҭᡫ, ԫ
            " . -ѻᡫ ߴ ӫ߬ ѡٮ , ѡ
              [2 (Ӽᵿ . .2. .9. .167.)].
        Ѵ ߿ ҡ ӿ ѽ ެ߬
        ߴ.
        Ѯ޿ ӿ ӿ ߻:
          " ߬, 14 ӫ ի ӿ .
            Ѽѡ ߬ ѡ 󫺡 ߡ ߿ᵿ, ᡡ
            ԿѼ ѽ -ѻᡫ. ѻ߬ ԫ
            Ե — ߼ ԫ, ڿ . Ӫ Ѯ ߿
            ߽, Ӭ ԫ ٽ .
            60- ߽ѻ , ԫ ߽Ҫ
            ߼ — ӫԫ ߡ ٽ ߫ , ѡ
           ѽ ߫ ټ Ἷ.
           ƫ ߫ߴ ߬ ӿ ǽѬ߿ I, ԫٮ
           ѡ ߬ ӿ. Ѽ Ѯ Ѯ ߬:
              " Ѯ, Ѻ ߫߿
               ӿի, ԫ ԫ . 쿬ԫ ߽Ҫ ".
            ߽ѡ ӿ, ԫٮ ߽Ἷ:
              ", ѵ ߿, ߯ Կ Ӭ Ѯ ѽ὿
               ԫ, ߬ ѽѬ ߿. ߻,
               , ԫ ߫޿ , ԫ .  Կߴ
               񫼫, Ѽ".
                .
                ߽ ԫ ٽ".
        ū߽ Կ 1964. Ѯ ߿ ӡҽߴ ӫ ѽ
      ӫ᡿
        ߬ , Ὤ߬ ., .ӫ 
          1964 
         ᡿ 1969 
        ѡ ᡿ 31 
        ߴ ᡿ 10 
        ѽ ӫ 1968. ӿԫӿ ޽ ߫ ߬ .
        ԡ ѽ ߻὿, ԫ ߯ ӫ ӡҽߴ Ҫ ߫Ѽ ߽ѻ޿
        ӫ
      1969 
      ѡ 31 
      ߴ 10 
      ԫ ߬ , Ὤ߬ ., .ӫ 
      ѡ ߿ (ѵ ӫԫѴ ´ ҡ ӿ ߬߬ Ѵ ߿
      ӿ (ҡ)) ừ Դ Ҭ:
           "쿬 . ԫ ᬫ, ߽Ὣ
            -ԫѼ ߴ. Ҫ ߴ ԫ ...
            ɫ ҡ ߽ 櫽, 諽ټ".
      31 ԴӴ 1969. .߿ ҡ ߬ߴ 91 Ҫѡ
      Ӵ ޿ ӫ .
      ū ߽ѡ ѻ߬ ѡѡ߬ ߬ ѽտ߿Ѭ (),
      Ի᡿ ٽ ߫ѡ ᮽ-ѽ߬ Ӭ ѽ Ὤ.
      Ի᡿ ԫѽ ӫԫѮ ´ ѽ, ᬪ
      ١ ӫԫѮ ´ ҡ Ҭ — ѻѽ ѡ
      쿬 ҡ ѻѽ ԫ ǬѼ ӫ ӿ (ҡ).
       ү ӫ ӿٽ , ԫ ӫԿߴ ޿.
      ūѡ ٽ ߫ѡ 4 Ӵ ѽ ӫ.
      ٽ ᡫѡ ޫ 󴡡ٮ :
            " ߴ Ѵ ߿ ҡ. 1879–1969.
                 Խ ἴ , ѵ ߿, ޿ "
      ެ ߬ ᡫ Ҽӽ 31 ԴӴ 1974.
    ᵿ
       16/02/1999 
      Ѽ Կӫ ӫ ߬߬ . 
      ū  ѻ߿ 1945 
    ᵿ ѽ
      1 諡ԫ ߽ 
      2 翼 쿡 , ߽ѽ 
      ߻ ӿ:
      տ ѽ ӿ ެ߬ . ԫѬ իѡ;
      տ ѽ ӿ ެ߬ . ѽ 쿬߬ ѡ .ѽѵ. .146.;
      տ ѽ ӿ ެ߬ . Ӽᵿ . .1. .5. .74,96,248.;
      տ ѽ ӿ ެ߬ . Ӽᵿ . .1. .6. .66,67,157,262,398.;
      տ ѽ ӿ ެ߬ . Ӽᵿ . .1. .7. .341,372.;
      տ ѽ ӿ ެ߬ . Ӽᵿ . .1. .9. .1,6–7,28,40,72.;
      տ ѽ ӿ ެ߬ . 󡿬 ӿѼ, 1957–1959 .;
      տ ѽ ӿ ެ߬ . 󡿬 ӿѼ, 1960–1964 .

(c) . ҽ