ѡ ѡ 쿬߬ ǽѬ ǽѬ

ӿ ߻ѡ ߿ڿ ߿ ߽, ӿ߽ 2021. ԫ ѽ 񫻫ѡ Ѽ Ѽ ӫѡ ѡ 쿬߬ ǽѬ ǽѬ. 쿪 ӿѡ .

" ѡ, Ẽѡ Ѽ ߫Ӫߴ Ӽᵿ Ѽ 쿬߬ ǽѬ ǽѬ ӫ 񫻫 Ӽᵿ Ѽ ӿἿ, ԫ ٽ ѡ տ ɫ߿ ᡫ߬ 񿼿߬ Դ, ᬪ տ ᡫ ߻ 諼. ᡡ ӿ ٽ ӡ-᡿: https://zebra-tv.ru/novosti/story/prikhozhane-neskolko-raz-spasali-moego-pradeda-ot-politicheskikh-repressiy/"


߿ڿ ߿ ߽
-ѼԿ߬ Ҭ, ѡ
񿼿߬ ɫ߿߬ ҡ߿ ᵿ

Ѭԫ ѡ ǽѬ ǽѬ 쿬߬

ѡ ѫ᡿ ѡ ǽѬ ǽѬ 쿬߬, ߽Ҫѡ ԫӫ ӫի񿽫 ѽ ٬ ߬, . 񿼿, Ҭѡ ѡ 1910 . 15 Ѽ ӿ޽ Կ ѡ߬ ߽Ҫѡ Դѽ ߽󫽯 Ѽѡ ᡫѡ ߫߬ Կ, ӫ߻᡿ ٽ ѬᵿѮ, ԫ ԫ ӫ, ӫԫ ߫᡿ ٽ ѿӡ ߽. ߽Կ ԫ ӿ, ѵ ǽѬ ӫ񫽪 ߽Ҫѡ. ߻ ӿ տ ѽ 1921 1930 ., ѡ ѡ .. 쿬߬, ѽ Ҭѡ ѡ .. 쿬߬ ӿὫ ߫߬ ߫߬ ӿ ѡ տ 񿼿߬ Կ (). үߴ ҡ ի ѽ, ԫټ ԫ 350 Ѯ Ӫ ѡ .. 쿬߬ ӫ - ᪿ.

软 ߽: 쿬߬, ٬, ߬, Һ߬ Ѻ, ӡٮ , ߻ѽ- , ӿѽ , ٽ, ӿի, ѡ, ѻ߿, ᵿ.

ѡ 櫯 ӫ߿߬ ѽѮ, ߫߬ ӫ߿߬ ѽ ӡ὿ Ѯ (񫡿 Ѯ ӿ߬) Ѭѡ ߬ү ԫӿ ѼѮ ѡ 쿬߬: "Ӵ ߬: ӿ, ӿ߽ᡡ Ἷ, Ӵ. , ᬿ ߻᡿ ٻὫ 񫽯 ӫ߿߬ ѡ߽Ҫѽ, ѡ Ѽ Ѯ! ١ޡѼ ᡿ ɫ߿߬ ᵿ, ߫ѡ , ߽ 񫼽ѡ ߫Կ ԫ ӫ޽, Լ, ԫӫ ὿ , ߽ ӿ ߽Ҫ Ѽ. ѽ ߫ѡ, ߽ ӫ ... Կ, ӿ߫ᡡ Ἷ, ߬ ӿԿ ԫ ". ԫѮ ѡ ǽѬ ǽѬ 쿬߬ ѡ Ӭ ӿի Ӭ ūӫ ԫ ӫ ѽ ٬ -ū߬ ᮫, ԫӫ ߽Ҫ.

ǽѬ ǽѬ 쿬߬ ӫߴ 28 1865 . ѽ ɫѡ Һ߬ Ѻ Ѽ Ὣڿ ǽѬѴ ᡫ 쿬߬. ԫ Ѽ ٽ Ҽ . ޿ (ӫ. 13.07.1858) --- ӫԫѮ ԫѡ߬ Ӭ ӫ ӫ. ߿ (ӫ. 18.12.1871) ѡ ѡ߬ ߫ . ӫ ᬪ ٽ ѻ߿ӫ 1930- ѽ ӫ . ӿӿ (ӫ. 15.01.1862) ᬫ . ߬ ӫ߬ Ѻ, ߽ 1920 Ӽᵿ Ѽ ѡ. ´ (ӫ. 1863) Ὣڿ ѽ ɫѡ ߽ ߼Կ Ե 1900 . Ἣ ѽ ɫѡ ߫߬ Կ ٽ ѿѡᡫ ѽ ߡٮ ߬ ѽ߫ ᡫ߬ Կ, Ѽ 17 ὴ 1972 . Ѻ Ѽ.

ẫ᡿ ǽѬ ǽѬ 쿬߬ Һ߬ ի󡫼 . 1881 . 1885 . ߴ 񿼿߬ ի󡫮 Ѽӿ. 󫿽, , ԫ 2 , Ѯ 񿼫Կ, - Ѻ. Ὣ Կ ѽ ߻ѼԿ ѡ. 󡿼᡿ ߻տ ѼԿ (" Խ"), ߬ ᡵҺ߬ ٬ ѡ ſ᡿ [3]. ū ѡ 2- ٽ ѽѡ 12 Ӵ 1885 . Ὣڿ ѽ ߬ Һ߬ Ѻ, ѡ Կ 8 1886 .

23 Ӵ 1885 . ǽѬ ǽѬ 쿬߬ ѡ ߬ Կ (1861 ..) --- Ὣڿ ѽ ߬ Կӿ ӫ 鿡. ٽ Ҽ, ӫ Ѯ. --- ١ ´ (. 02.09.1891) ӿ ӿ: Ҽӽ (23.02.1890 --- 24.08.1891), ǡ (߬) (. 24.07.1886) ཿ (߿ڿ) (21.09.1894 --- 23.01.1976), ԫ ߴ Ѯ ެ. ߫߬ ѽѮ 񿼿߬ ެ, ԫѡ ѡ --- ѡ "-ӫ" ѡ ѡ.

11 Ӵ 1890 . ǽѬ ǽѬ 쿬߬ ٽ Ҭѡ ᬫ տѻ߬ ѫԫ (ټ) ѡ ߿ Ὣڿ. Ѯ ߽Կ ǽѬ ǽѬ 24 ߽Ҫ . ߬, 󡿬 ٽ ԡٮ ѡ, ٮ 2- Һ߬ Ѻ ѡ ᡫ . ԫٮ ӿ .. 쿬߬: "ᡡԿ ߻󽴽 ߻: ѡ, ѡ տ ᡿ իӫ޿, Ӭٮ ӿѽ, ѡ ٽ իӫ" [4].

21 ὴ 1909 . ٽ ѡ ߽Ҫѡ ѽ ӿ 񿼿߬ Ѻ.

ӫ ߻᡿ 񿼿߬ ի󡫮 Ѽӿ 29 ѡԴӴ 1909 ǽѬ ǽѬ 쿬߬ ٽ ԫѡ ᡿ ѽ Ӭ-ӿի߬ ެ Ѯ ѽ.

17 Ӵ 1910 . ٽ Ҭѡ ѡ ѻ߬ ߬ ǽѬӫ 񿼿߬ ߻ѡ߬ ѽѡ ѡ ѽ ٬, ᬫѽѼ ߬ ߬ Ѽ߬ ެ.

߬ ߽Ҫѡ ǽѬ ǽѬ 쿬߬ ٽ ѡ Ἷ ߬ ߽󡫮 Ӭ.

1914 . տ տټ Ѽ ٽ ѻᡫ տ߬ ߽ѡ.

1917 . տ ǽѬ ǽѬ 쿬߬ ٽ ѡ ѡ.

һ Դѽ ߽󫽯 Ѽѡ ᡫѡ ߫߬ Կ, ӫ߻᡿ ٽ ѬᵿѮ, ԫ ԫ ӫ, ӫԫ ߫᡿ ٽ ѡ ߡ. 1918 ѵ ǽѬ ٽ ѡ ѽ ߽Ҫѽ ѽ ҽ.

17 ὴ 1921 . ǽѬ ǽѬ 쿬߬ ٽ ԫ ᡫѡ ӫ 9- Ԭ 񿼿߬ ӡ Ѻ 񿼿߬ ԡٮ ӫѡ ѡ ɫ ӿԫ Ӭ Ѽ " ἴԿ" ӯ ǽѬ I իӫ . ӿ ԫ, ߽ ᡿ ѡ .. 쿬߬, " Ѽ ᬫ Կҽ, ԫ ߴ Ӭ󡫮 ߽Ҫ, Ѽ ٽ ᬫ ߻Ӵѡ ۴ѡ, ߫޿ ԫ ӿ Ӭ󡫼 ".

ὴ 1921 ѽ ѽ ٬, ѡ Ѽ, , ӿ ٽ ỿᡫ 16 Ѽ, ԫټ ԫ 350 Ѯ Ӫ ѡ .. 쿬߬ ӫ [1].

", ѡ ǽѬ ǽѬ 쿬߬ ѽѬ իӫ ᡿ߴ 󫽯Ѯ, ӫ߿ ԻԿ ԯ ѽ 󻫽 Ѽߴ ԫ, ԫ ߬ӫߴ ѽ ٬".

"... ڿ... Ѽ, ԫ ѡ ǽѬ 쿬߬ Ѽ ᡿ ߬ Կ, ߫ ߽Ҫѡ ٮ , ѡ .. ԫ ǽѬ I Ѽ ߽Ҫѡ һ ᬫ ᵿ ӫԿ ߬ Կ Ӭ, ѽ. Կ, .. Ѽ ѽѬ Ἤٮ , ԫٮ ӫ Ӭ ".

ѡ . Ѯ 1921 ߻ ߫߬ ߿Ѽ .

" ѻ޿ߴ ѽ ѽ ӫ߿ 񿼿߬ү ӡ߬ү Ѻᮡү 諼߿ ԻԿ ߽ ԡ ѽ ԫ տ 1921 ԫᡡ ѡ ѽ ٬ ǡ߬ 󫽫Կ ǽѬ ǽѬ 쿬߬. ӫ߻᡿ ɫ߿߬ 櫵὿Կ߬ Կ󡫮 ߬ ߻ үڿ ѡ ӿ߬ ߴ Կٮ ӿԿἿ Խٮ 񡿬 Ѻ Ӭ ߽Ҫѡ, Ѽ Ѵ Ҽᡡ ߻ ԡѡ үڿ ӿԿ ԫӿ ӡ ӫ߿ Ի߬ ѡ 쿬߬".

߫ իߴ ԼԿ ѽ .. 쿬߬, ԫ Ԭԫ ߿ ߬ߴ ڿ ѡ ߽ Ӭ .

Ӵ Կ ѡ .. 쿬߬ 2 1921 ѡѼ ӫ ٽ "Իѡ - ᪿ ѡ ѽ Ѽ, ԫ Խߴ ѽ ٬".

ᬫ Ҫ 18 ѽ 1921 ٽ ԫ ᡫѡ 񿼿߬ ӡ߬ Ѻᮡ ߿, ԫӫ ٽ ᡫ ѽ, ѡ ӡ߬ү ԯ ү . ᡿ ӫټ ѡ. ѻ ǽѬ ǽѬ ٽ ۴ѡ ѡ Կ߫߬ ѴѽԿ. Ѽ ٽ ӿ߬ ߫ѡ: "鿡 ߫ ߫ѡ ӿ. ߴ ѡ 񫽪 Ѽ- ᡫ. , ԫ ᬽ ѽѬ, ԫ ޿ Ѽ ѽ. ѽѮ ӫ ѽ ᬫ ѡ ѽ ӫ ӿի, ԫ ԫӿ 񿽿, ԫ ᬫ Կ ᡿ߴ ᡿ ѽ ᬫ ߫ѡ ѡ".

߬ ߴ ᬫ ѡ ѽ ӫի񿽫. ƫ 27 1921 ǽѬ ǽѬ 쿬߬ Կߴ ߽ѽ ѡ ӫ " ի ѽ ߼ѡ. 濪 Ѯ Ҫ Կ ߴ, Ѫ Ѽ һ Ѽ Ӭ ս ѡ. Ҫ ԫ- Կ, ԫ ߴ Ѻ ߬ ս. ѽ Ѭ, ᡴ --- . ԫ ѽ? ԫ ߫ѡ 󿡡ټ ᡿ Ѻ߽Ҫѡ. ū Ѽ, ѽ ӫ ӿԿ ѽ ѽ ߼ѡ 񫼿 ѡ Ѻҽ. ӿ Ѯ ӿ Ժ ӿի, Ѫѽ ѽѬ".

5 1921 ᡫѡѼ 񿼿߬ ӡ߬ Ѻᮡ ߿ "󫽯 Ѯ, ߴڿ ߬ү ԫӿ ӫѽ ߬ Կ" ٽ ӿ ߫ټ ӿѡ ᬽѡ ӿѽ ӫ ߫Ӫ᡿Ѽ Ѯ, Ѯ 񿼫Կ, . 鴺.

ᬫ 21 ԴӴ 1921 ᡫѡѼ ӫ ߼ ѽ Ҫѡ 񿼿߬ ӡ߬ Ѻᮡ ߿ 󫽯Ѯ ᡿ ٽ ѽѡ ߽ټ, ѡ ԯ Ὣ "Ѽѡ ᡿ 쿬߬". 26 ԴӴ 1921 ѡ .. 쿬߬ ٽ Իѡ - ᪿ. ԫ ԫ 񬿮 ԫӿ߬ , Ѯ 񿼫Կ, ޿޿ߴ ԫټ ӫѡ ӿի ūӫ߬ Ӭ ѽ ٬.

ǽѬ ǽѬ 쿬߬ ӫ񫽪 ߽Ҫ ѽ ٬, ٽ ѡ ѽ ߽Ҫѽ ѽ ҽ [5, 6].

1927 . [7], Ѯ 񿼫Կ, ߽ ի 󡿬, ӫԫѴ ѡ ᡫ , .. 쿬߬ ٽ ѡ ԫ ѡ. , Կ իү ߽Ҫ Կ 45 --- ´ѽ߬ү Ӭ . ᡫ߬ ӿ-ū߬ ᮫ ᡫ߬ ӫ޽ѡ Կ ( Һ߬ Ѻ). ߽Ҫ Ἣ Կ Ӭ 1930 .

ߡ 1928 ѽ ᡫ߬ ٽ ᡿ ի, ԫٮ ѡ 1929 ߻ӫ᡿ 󽿴 Ҫڿ ѽѡ. 佴 ߫߬ Ӽ ի᡿ ߽ ڿ ٽ 󡫮 ի. ūԫ 1930 Ӭ ٽ . ѽ ᡫ߬ ӫ޽ ߫ һѡ ѡڿ ᡿Ѽ Ԭ ү Ӭ, ԫӫ ټѽ ߫߬ү ᬫ Ѯ [2].

Դ ߽ Կ Ӭ, 4 Ӵ 1930 . ǽѬ ǽѬ 쿬߬ ٽ ѡ ѽ ӿ-ū߬ . ġ 󿡴ߴ ߿ѼԿ߬ Կի Կ߫߬ ᵿ ߻᡿Ѽ Ӭ ᡿ һѡ ԬԿ ԫ 1930 . Ӭ. ū߽ Կ -ū߬ 䫼. ߽ ᡿ ѽ Ἣ ѡ, Ѯ ǽѬ ǽѬ 쿬߬ ӿ. ġ , ԫ һѡ ӫԿ Կ Ӭ , ԫ ѽ, ߬ իߴ ԫ Ѽ ߫Ѽ ѽ ǡ߬, ᬫ ᵿ ӫԿ ի ѽ [2].

18 Ӵ 1930 . ٽ Ӫѡ 󿡿ѽ ᬽѡ, ߡ᡿ ԫӫ 27 Ӵ 1930 ѡѼ ӫ ӿ ǽѬ ǽѬ 쿬߬ ٽ ӿѡ ᵿ ӫԿ ӫӿԿ ߫߬ Կ ѽ . 58 .10 ٽ ӡٮ ӫ 3 .

ӡٮ --- ԫ 񼿡Կ-ӿԫӿ 񿡿 ӫ- , ԫ ٽ ẫ 1 ԴӴ 1929 ӫ 5 ѬӴ 1936 . 񼿡Կټ ѡӫ ٽ ӫ ѽ߬. ӡٮ ߻ߴ ӿԫӿ ߫Ѽѡ ѽ߬, 髽߬ Ѯ ߻ 諼 (񼿡Կٮ ѡ --- ӫ ٬).

ū ᡡټ Ӽᵿ ѡ ɫ߿ ѽ߬ Կ 10 1931 ǽѬ ǽѬ 쿬߬ ӿٽ . ѽ߬, ٽ ѡ . ٬.

ӿԫӿ ӡ ߻ ӫ ߿Ѽ Ѯ . ѵѽѡ, ԫټ ԡ߿ߴ ǽѬ ǽѬ 쿬߬, Ӵ ᬽѡټ ߻ѽ- Ѯ () ի񿽿 ӫѼ , ٽ ߫ ߻ѵٮ ѽ ߻ѵѽѡ. ߻ѵѽѡ 1930-1950- . ӿԫӿ 諼 ӿѡߴ ѿѡ ߡ ӫ޽ѡԿ ѽ߬ ի.

ū ᡡټ  Կ ߻ 諼, տ ӿԫӿ ѽ Ԭӫ߬ ᮫ ߴ ỿ 18 19 1931 ߼Կ 쿬߬ ǽѬ ǽѬ 67 . ū ᡡټ ѽ Ԭӫ߬ ᮫ --- ߼Կ: 18.05.1931, ԫ ߼Կ --- ԫӫ߬ ᮫. ү ᵿ, ߼ һ ѽ ԫӫ߬. ԫ իӫѡ .

ū ߻᡿ ӿ ǽѬ ǽѬ 쿬߬ ཿ ǽѬӫ ߿ڿ (쿬߬), ѡ ߬ߴ ӿ ѻ Ѻ Ѭү Ѭ. 䫽 Ѽ Ѽ ὿, ԫ ӿ ѻ Ѻ Ѭ 轴, ԫӫ ԫ ӫ 񿼿.

ᬫ ѻ ᡫߴ ԡ, ԫ ԫ ٽ Ѭ , ԫӫ ԫӫ ߻ѡ ѽ ԫӫ߬.

߽ѽ ԫӿ 漿 ǡԫ ǡԫ , ԫ, Ѯ ӫԡԿ, ǽѬ ǽѬ 쿬߬ ѽ "Ѻ ߻ѵѽ , ԫ 12 ѽ ԫӫ߬. ѡ. ߽ ӫ ٽ ᬿ, ԫ Ҫѡ Ҽ὿ Ӫ, ԫ Ѻ. ޿ ԫ ԡ .. ӫ ߬, ԫ ѽ, Ҫ὿ Ӫ Ҽ޿ ᬽѡ ӿ᡿ ԫӫ߬ Ӵ ӿ իӫ. ѻ ӿ᡿ ߽ Ὣ --- ߼ٽ ".

ѡѡ ǽѬ ǽѬ 쿬߬ ߼ԡ ٽ Կӫ 29 1992 ѽ 1930 ӫӫ ᡫ߬ Կ 21 1993 ѽ 1921 ӫӫ 񿼿߬ Կ.

滿߫

  1. տ ɫ߿ 񿼿߬ Կ. տ ѽ -5050.
  2. տ ɫ߿ ᡫ߬ Կ. տ ѽ 149-.
  3. . 454. Ļ.1. . 450. 񫼫Կ ߻. . 252.
  4. . 556. Ļ.1. . 4793. ѽѡ ѡ . ٬ ᬫ-Ὣڿ . 꽽ӿ ǽѬ 쿬߬ 15 . 1- 9 . 1910 ., 9 .
  5. . -307. Ļ. 4. . 36. 滿߬ , ѡ ѽ Ѻ. 1 . 1925 . --- 30 ѡ. 1926 ., 429 .
  6. . -307. Ļ. 4. . 355. ūӫ߬ ߽ ڿ . ٬ 1923-1925.
  7. . -2031. Ļ. 1. . 93. ѡ ᡫѡ ѽ ߬ .. 1933 .