ٻ߬ ӡὫ ᡿ ѡ 濡 3 2018 ѽ Ѯ ӿ ߬߬ Ѵ ߿ ӿ

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ừ ѫѡ ѻ߬ ӫ ᡬԿ, ѽ 濡 ߿ ᡫᵿ , ӫ 󬽯ѡ ѡ ǽѬ ӿᡫ, ӫԫѴ 쿬 ӡ ӿ ѡ ߻񡿬 Ӭ ߬.

: տѮ߬ Ѯٮ 2000 ѽ: " ߽߫ӡ Ѽ ѡ 󬽯ѡ ߫ Ҫ ӫ߽ѡ ѡ ߻񡿬 ɫ߿߬ ߫ ߽ѡ Ѯ ӿ ѡ 濡, ߡ᡿ ӿѽ ߽᡿, ӫѡ 濡 諼߿Ѯ ᡫᵿ " (ҡ 14 Ѵ ӡ ӫ߽ѡ ѡ ߻񡿬 ɫ߿߬).

ѡ ǽѬ ӿᡫ, ԫѽ Կѽ߬ 쿪-ӿ߬ ӿ߬ ѻտ, ٽ ԡټ ԫټ Ѽ, ԫٮ ߴ ᬫѽ, Ἣѽ, ѡ ẽ ԫ . ߴ ٽ ừѡ ߽ҪѡѼ Ѯ , Ѵѽ .

ѡ 1918 Ѽ ޽ Կ Ѫ ѽ ߡ Ӽ. 쿪-ӿ߬ ԡԿ իߴ 󿬫, ԫ ԫ ὿ ԡټ ѽѡѼ, ԫ ߽ ߫ ѡἿ. 󴺿 Ἷ ߬ ѡ߽ҪѽѮ ޿ ޿ߴ ҽ ߽Ҫѡ. ѡٮ, ԫ ӫ񫽪 ߽Ҫѡ Ѽ ӿի, ߫ ѡ ߽Ҫѡ ӫҴ, ٽ ѵ ǽѬ ӿᡫ.

8/21 Ӵ ѵ ǽѬ ٽ ԫ Ӵ Ѽ ߽Ҫѡ Ѻѡ ᡵ ٴ, ԫ ի Ѭ 쿪-ӿ߬ .

12/25 Ӵ ѵ ǽѬ ٽ ѽ. ū ѽ ١, ߡӼѮ, ԡ ѽ, " ӿ߬ ӿᡫ ѽ ѽ, "߻ Ү, ߻ Ү ѡ ޡ!", ӫ, ѻԫ". ѽ Ե ǽѬ ٽ ѡ Ѻ Ѯ, ߽ ӿٻᡡ ߡ, ߫ ߬ѡټ ҬἿ.

ӫԫѮ 쿬 ӡ 1914 Ѯ ѽ ٽ ټ Ԭ߬ ߬ 󫽫Ѯ ӿԫӿ ߫Ѽѡ Կ. Ѻһү ߽Ҫ ߽󡫮 Ӭ ѫ񡫬ԡ ߴ ѻտټ . ġ ᡿ߴ Կ󡫮 ӫԿѽ߬ ѡ Ѵѽ: Ѭ ѡ ߫᡿, ٽ ԡټ ѡ Ԭ߬ ѽѮ Һ٬ Կ߬ ߬ ѡ .. ᮬ߬. ū ߽ѡ ԫ ᡡ ӫ߬ ѽѼ ѽѼ ԡ ѺԿ. Ѽ ӫ 󫮡 ѵ 쿬 ԡ ѽѡ <ӫ߿߬ Ѽ߬ ߫ ߡѡ Ӽ>. ԡ ѡ ѻѽ߬ Ѵѽ ٽ Լѡ Ӵ ߡ ѡ ԫ ǡ III ѻѡ.

ӫԫѴ 쿬 ӡ ٽ ӫ Ѯ. ᡫ , Ѯ ӫ, Ѯ ế ޿ ѡ߬ ᡿. 쿬 ߫ѽ ի Ҫ, ޿ Ե.

1918 ѽ Ԭ߬, ߡ󡫼 ߽Ҫڿ , һ ӫԿ ߫߬ Կ. ӫԫѮ 쿬, ߼Ӵ ߡ, ӿի ӫ񫽪 ߻ ߬ . ѵ 쿬 Ҽڿ, ա󽴽 ߫. ߻ ߽Ҫѡ .

ū߽ ѡ ᡿ ӫ ᡴ ߿ ߡ Ӽ. Ѻ Ѭԫӫ Ѽ ӫ߬ ߫ ٽ ӫѡ Կѽٮ ߻, ԫӫ ڿ һ ӫԫѮ 쿬. ߽үڿ ѡ ѡ߽Ҫѽ ԫ὿. ӫ ߽ ߻, ԫ, ὿ ԫ Ե 쿬, ӫ߿ ӫѽ ѻ Կ , ԫ ԫ ߼ ԫ - ߡӼѮ, ѡ. ѽ. ԯ ӫ߿ѽ 2 Ӵ 1919 . ɫѡ ݬ ӡ .. ӫ ߻, ԫ ӿ ѡ . 쿬 ԯ ޽ ߻ټ, ѡ ӫѡ <ӡټ ӿ>. ū ߻᡿ . 쿬 ӫ߿ ӿԿ Ѽ ѡ (ӫԡ - ѻտ) ߫ѡ ߽Ҫѡ ᬽѡ ߫ѡ ߻ ԫᡡ.

ӫԫѮ 쿬 ӡ ٽ ѽ 2 Ӵ 1919 ( Կ). ԡ, ԫ ѽ ᡿ ߡ Կ: < Ҽ - ԫ ߡ>. ūիӫѡ ٽ ӡ Ӵ ѫѡ߬ ߫ӫ. ԫ ѡ Ѽ ӫ. ߽ ߡ ڿ ӫԫѯ 쿬 ߵѽѡ 󿡫Կ. ӫԫѮ 쿬 ߴ ԫἿ Ԭ ᡿Ѯ. ԫ ᡡ Կѽ Ӭ ߿ Ἳ.

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  1. 鬽 ѡ ߻񡿬 Ӭ ߬ ѡ ǽѬ ӿᡫ, ӫԫѴ 쿬 ӡ .
  2. ἴ ѡѡ ǽѬ ߫ 25 (12) Ӵ, ѡ ѡ߬ .
  3. ἴ ѡѡ 쿬 ѡ ߫ 2 Ӵ (20 ѬӴ), ѡ ѡ߬ .
  4. 櫫ڿ ѡ Կ ԫѽ ߬ ūԡ ߽ ӬѮ 󬽯ѡ Ե.
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ừ ѫѡ ѻ߬ ӫ ᡬԿ, ѽ 濡 ߿ ᡫᵿ , ԡ߿ѽ һ ի ԫѽ ůԿ ߻ѡ߬ ӫ ѡ߬ Ӵ Ҽѡ () ᡫᵿ ԡԿ տ ӿ (Ὤ-᡿).

: ӿ Ὤ-᡿ ӫ 15 1889 , ѻԿ , Ѽ ѡ ѡ ߿ ߿ Ὤ-᡿. Ѽ ٽ ӫ Ѯ. ᡡ Խ ӫԫ Ժ, ү ѽ, իүߴ Ѭ .

1900 Ѽ ӫ ѽ߿ (ѽ߿), Ѽ . Ѭ ӿ ѡ ҽ Ҫ߬ ߫, ᡿ ԫ 1912-1913 ءԫ߬ . 1914 ӿ һ Ѽѡ ߻ԡ ӫ߬ , ٽ ߻, Ѽ ѽ Ӵ ѫ߬ ڿ: ԫ Ӵ ὿ ѡټ , ԫ ١߿ .

ū߽ Դѽ Ѻ ӿ ӫ ԡѮ ѽ Ѻԡ , 1919 ӫѽ ӿ ԫ.

5 1922 ӿ ٽ ӿ ߽ ߽ޡ ůԿ Ӵ. Ѯ Ѯ ѽ Կ Ѽѡ ᡡ, ӫ. ߬ ѽ ߿߬ ߬, ի޿ߴ ӿԿ Ӵ.

ѡ 󫮡 ߿߬ ߬ ٽ ӫ, ѽ ӡҽ . ӿ 1942 ٽ Իѡ 񫼫 ᪿ ټ ѽټ ӫѽ, ԫ ώ. ԫ իӫ ߫ 󫿼 Ե. ώ ӿ ůԿ Ӵ ߬ (Կ ) Կ.

1947 ӿ իӫ Ե ӡҽ , ߽ Ԭԫ ӫ.

տ ߻὿, ԫ ߫ٮ , ۴ߡ ԫ Ѽ, ԫ ߫ߴ Ҽ, ԫ ٽ ߼Կ - . ߽ ӿ, ԫ Կߴ, ԫ ԫ ԫߴ ӿ Կ, - ԫ , ԫ 񫽪ѡ ߫ԫߴ Ѯ-ԫ ӿ.

ӿ ޿ӫ ὿ ߽󡫼 ӫ ү ӫӽԿ ߵѽѡ. Ѯ Ѭ὿ ߫ԫ ߽ѡ Ὣ.

ѽ 1966 տѻ߬ ώ߬ ԫ߬ ǽѬ߿Ѽ ѽѮ, Ҽѡ߬ ůԿ Ӵ, ٽ ߫ѡ ӿ Կ ߽ޡ Ӵ ӿ ѡѼ Ѫ ѡ.

ū߽ Ѯ ӿ ի , Ѫ. ߽ - ѫᡡ 󽴽, ԫ ԫ ٽ ޿ ߫ԿѼ , ԫ ԫ 񫽪 ӫԿ ԫ-ԫ ѽ. ū ߬ տ ӿ ԫ Ѻ, ޡ Ѽ ᡿. 񡫼 ߽ Ѽ ѡ ỿ: " 񫬫...".

5 1968 , ᡿ ѡ-ӫ߿, ӿ ӡ ԫ޽ ߻.

ߴ ѽ ѽ ԫԿ 󿪡 ԡ , ӫ޿ߴ ӿ ߽ ߼Կ ѡ, ԫ ߽ ߵѽѡ (Ѭԫ Ӫѡ 񿵿߬ ҼѡἿ).

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  1. ӿ߽ ԡ ᡿ ůԿ ߻ѡ߬ ӫ ѡ߬ տ ӿ (Ὤ-᡿).
  2. ἴ ѡ ӿ (Ὤ-᡿), ӿ ӫ, ߫ 22 ѽ / 5 .
  3. ԡ ᡬ ѡ ӿ, ߽ ѡ, ټ Ἷ ԫ񫽪 ᡿.
  4. ſ ӫ߽ѡ ԫ ѡ, ߫ߡ ѽѡ VII ѽѡ߬ .